1. Section 1
Narrator: You will hear a telephone conversation in which Frances Drew asks Mr. Harding about an Art Club. First, read questions 1 to 10. For questions 1 to 10, fill in the missing information on Frances Drew's notepad. Write no more than three words for each answer. Now listen carefully and answer questions 1 to 10.
Mr. Harding: Hello.
Frances: Hello. Is that Appleton 363?
Mr. Harding: It is. Harding speaking.
Frances: Oh, um, are you, I mean, I'd like to speak to the Secretary of the Arts Club.
Mr. Harding: Yes, speaking.
Frances: Oh, oh, hello. My name is Frances Drew. I've just moved to the area, my classmate and I, and we'd be interested in joining the Arts Club, but we'd like some more information really, you know, about joining and the sort of activities you do.
Mr. Harding: Yes, well, what you want is our calendar, ask at the library. I'll make sure there are plenty thereby say Thursday. That alright for you?
Frances: Yes, fine, thank you. But, erm, would you mind telling me how much it costs to join?
Mr. Harding: Membership fee - for an adult is two pounds fifty, per year of course.
Frances: What exactly does club membership entitle one to?
Mr. Harding: Entitles you to? Ooh, for a start there's the, er, club events. You get invited to them, of course. They are for members only and, eh, they are free...
Frances: What sort of events are they, I mean...?
Mr. Harding: You'll see what they are when you get hold of a calendar. But well, there's the club evenings for instance, once a month, usually Wednesdays from 8 till about 10.
Frances: And whereabouts do you hold them?
Mr. Harding: Club evenings? The Beach Pavilion, do you know it?
Frances: No, I don't think I do. It's not near the seafront, is it?
Mr. Harding: No, up past the tennis courts on Park Avenue, you know where that is?
Frances: No, I'm afraid I don't. We'd soon find it though.
Mr. Harding: Quite good. I don't know what your interests are - music, got any musical talents?
Frances: I'm not sure about talents exactly. I like music, we both do.
Mr. Harding: Do either of you sing?
Frances: Yes, we've both been in choirs.
Mr. Harding: There you are then, the club's got a very fine choir, very fine. I'm in it myself as a master, in fact. We have practices every Friday evening... and it's no good just thinking of joining it if you can't make the practice.
Frances: No, of course not, but what's the procedure, I mean if we decide to join the choir or any of the other activities, how do we go about it?
Mr. Harding: You can't get in the choir without an audition. As far as the other sections are concerned, members have to apply through the Section Secretary in the first place.
Frances: Yes, right. And the fee again — I've written it down somewhere.
Mr. Harding: £2.50 each.
Frances: And where do we send it, to you?
Mr. Harding: No, I'm the secretary. It's the treasurer who deals with that. I'll give you his name if you want to write it down.
Frances: Yes, please.
Mr. Harding: His name is Hosegood, H-O-S-E, and then GOOD.
Mr. Harding: Initial P. Address: 3 Clayhills, Appleton.
Frances: Right, and it's alright to send a cheque?
Mr. Harding: That's the usual, guess. Payable to Appleton Arts Club. Appleton A-PP-L-E-T-O-N. Oh, and, er, better put your address on the back as you're new. Er, and incidentally there's a newsletter out three times a year, just to keep club members up to date with what's going on; they're sent to everyone.
Frances: That's good. Um, just one last thing. Would you mind telling me what the other sections are just so that I can tell my classmate and we...
Mr. Harding: The Players - that's our acting group I've told you. Choir you know about. There's the Gramophone Circle, the Music Workshop, the Literary and Discussion Group - oh, that one meets in different members' homes. Then there's the Studio Workshop, and, er, what have I missed out? Oh, yes, the Arts Talks, that's the lots I think... ah, the Film Society, that's the other one. Got them all?
Frances: Um, yes, just about. Thank you very much - you've been very helpful.
Mr. Harding: Not at all, pleased to assist, and, eh, look forward to meeting you and your classmate at the club.
Frances: Yes, thank you. Goodbye then.
Narrator: That is the end of section 1. You now have half a minute to check your answers.
2. Section 2
Narrator: Listen to the guided tour commentary and answer questions 11 to 20. You now have some time to read questions 11 to 20 first.
Welcome to the library tour. We'll begin our tour of this level of the library here at the entrance, then we'll go in a clockwise direction.
So first of all, over here on the left, next to the entrance is the Touchscreen Information Service, these computers can be used at any time to get general information about the library and how it works. In front of the Touchscreen Information Service are the Catalogs, as you can see, it's a Computerized Catalog System and it's very easy to use. The catalogs are linked up to the other libraries at the university, so make sure you check which library a book is in when you are trying to locate a particular item.
Next, along here on the left, we have the Circulation Desk for borrowing and returning books. The returns area - the place for return books and other items is at the end of the Circulation Desk, near the Closed Reserve. Closed Reserve, as most of you probably know, is a collection of books that are in high demand, so they are on restricted circulation. If a book is on Closed Reserve, you can only borrow it to use within the library for three hours at a time. Over there in the corner are the shelves for newspapers. The library has an extensive collection of local and international English-language newspapers, they are kept on those shelves for one month and then stored elsewhere.
As we continue on our tour around to the right, this large central section is the Reference Section. Referenced X cannot be borrowed for use outside the library, they must be used within the library, all these shelves in the center of this level are the reference section. Now, the stairs here, on the left lead to level 2 only, on level 2 are most of the law books. To go up to the other levels of the library you have to use a lift, beside the stairs are the restrooms for this floor.
Now, as we walk around this corner to the right, this large room on the left is the Audio-Visual Resource Center. You can come here if you wish to list to a tape or watch one of the library's videos. Next to the Audio-Visual Resource Center is the Photocopying Room. There are 15 copiers for student use, and we've recently added a color copier. The system for copying uses cards not coins. You can buy a photocopy card from the technician in charge of the photocopying room, or from the information desk if he isn't here at the time.
On our right, these work tables are for student use, especially for small groups to work together or you and your colleagues can use the Conference Room, which is that small room there, next to the lockers. You can work on group projects in the conference room without disturbing anyone, and there's a conference room on each level of the library. The round desk in front of the lockers is the Information Desk. If you need help using the catalogs or you need to organize a loan from another library, the information desk is the place to come.
And finally here, beside the exit doors, these two shelves contain current magazines and journals, like the newspapers they are kept here for a time and then stored elsewhere. Ok, that's the end of the tour of this level of the library, I'll leave you to look around yourselves now, and if you need any further help, please ask at the Information Desk.
Narrator: That is the end of section 2. You now have half a minute to check your answers. Now turn to section 3.
3. Section 3
Narrator: You will hear 3 students discussing a survey they are going to do. First, you have some time to look at questions 21 to 27. Listen carefully and answer questions 21 to 27. Now listen carefully and answer questions 21 to 27.
Phil: Hi Mel, Hi Laura. Sorry, I’m a bit late. I got held up by the bus. It just didn’t come for ages.
Mel: Don’t worry. You’re only a couple of minutes behind and we’ve only just been chatting.
Laura: Right then. We’re here to organize the survey that we’re going to do. Mel, you said that you’d discuss with Professor Donald Walker what type of survey we were going to do.
Mel: Yes. I spoke to Professor Walker two days ago and I told him that the surveys that we were considering were a telephone survey, a street survey, and a mail survey. He thought that the phone one would be too expensive for us and the postal one would take too long so we decided we should do the street one.
Phil: I think that’s right. If we do the street one then we can get the whole thing done in one day and we can get on with analyzing the results.
Mel: Yes, that’s right. Now, there are some other things that Professor Walker wanted to know about. How big should the survey be?
Laura: Well, the ideal figure for a survey such as this should be about a thousand people but that will take us about a month to get that many people and we just don’t have that much time. On the other hand, if we just choose 100 people, the survey won’t be statistically significant.
Phil: So, what about something in the middle. What about 600?
Mel: Still too many. That’ll take us ages. 400?
Laura: Let’s split the difference and say 500.
Laura: And how many questions? If there are too many we’ll just have the same problem.
Mel: Professor Walker said we should have no more than 10 or people get bored. 10 then?
Phil: I think even fewer, 8.
Laura: I think it’s 3 fewer again to make sure we can get the numbers done quickly.
Phil: OK, I agree with that.
Mel: I’m not sure, but I suppose so.
You now have some time to look at questions 28 to 30. Now listen to the rest of the discussion and answer questions 28 to 30.
Mel: Now, Professor Walker asked where we were going to do the survey.
Laura: Does he want to avoid that area then?
Mel: Probably! Now we can either all stay together or split up and do different locations.
Laura: Well, if we split up then I think we’ve got a better chance of getting more people surveyed.
Phil: Yes. I agree with Laura.
Mel: OK. Now, I made a list of the possible locations in Westley where we could station ourselves. There’s the town square, at the entrance to the train station, at the university cafeteria, outside Dobbins department store, on the corner of the High Street and College Road, the bus station, and the corner of the High Street and Wilkins Road. What do you think?
Phil: I think the square is great, but the people at the train station will be traveling and often in a hurry.
Laura: I agree with all of that and I think the bus station will have the same problem as the train station.
Mel: Ok, that’s those two out then.
Laura: I think the other ones in town were good too. The cafeteria will have too many students and that will create too great a bias to our survey. We need a good cross-section of the population and anywhere too close to the university won’t give us that.
Phil: Laura’s right. So, out of the other town ones, I think that the two on the High Street corners are good.
Mel: I don’t agree. The High Street corner with College Road will be good, but the corner with Wilkins Road is too far out. Not enough people will come by there.
Laura: Yes, Mel’s right there. We should use Dobbins department store instead.
Phil: I can see your point. Ok, that’s settled then. All three of us will be stationed in town then, but not the Wilkins Road position.
Narrator: That is the end of section 3. You now have half a minute to check your answers. Now turn to section 4.
4. Section 4
Narrator: You are going to listen to a student, Liz giving a seminar presentation on advertising. First, you have some time to look at questions 31 to 40. Listen to the talk and answer questions 31 to 40.
A: Today Liz is going to give her presentation, Liz.
Liz: For my presentation, I looked at the different forms of advertising, especially that’s how women are portrayed by the media.
A: So Liz, tell us what different forms of advertising you looked at?
Liz: As you can see from the outline on the screen, I looked at a wide variety of different media’s including billboards, television ads, newspapers, and of course the internet. Oh yes, I almost forgot, I also looked at films.
A: And what was your main finding?
Liz: Well, I’ve brought some samples in to show everyone to show which I hope will make it a little clearer, but first of all, I like to take a look at this first advert, which is from, believe it or not, a popular women’s magazine. Now even though, this is a women’s magazine. As you can see, women are portrayed in what we might call a submissive role. That is to say, they're always the ones doing the housework, going shopping, or caring for the baby. In fact, you may notice that most adverts concerned with household products such as cleaning materials as well as food, and baby items are generally directed at women. Another thing you may notice about women is they are nearly always very slim and beautiful. Even middle-aged women. None of them are ever shown to be poorly dressed or to be overweight.
A: So Liz, how are men normally portrayed in the adverts?
Liz: If you take a look at the next picture which is in fact from the same magazine, you will notice that men are seen to be strong, powerful, and in charge. They give the image of being in charge, being the ones who make the decisions, and generally, they are dressed either in sports clothes showing their prowess or fitness, or a business suit which served to depict their social status.
A: You mentioned that you also looked at films to these same images apply to the movie industry?
Liz: Yes, they do indeed, and again I have some images to show you. This time, however, I’ve arranged the pictures so that you can see clearly the different roles that men and women play in the films. Notice, first of all but it is the man who is in charge. He’s the one driving a big luxurious car and constantly contacting the office on his mobile phone. Now, if you look over here to the woman, we see she is subservient to the man. She’s his secretary in fact, and if we take a look at her office, we see it’s shared by other women and open and open to the public. In contrast, her boss’s office who is the man of course has a very large spacious office all to himself and if the woman wants to enter she first has to get his permission, that is to say, she has to first of all knock at the door and wait until he invites her to enter. However, if the man wants to talk to the woman, he simply picks up the phone and requests her attention.
A: Are there any images where women are not shown to be our lowest social status to men?
Liz: No, there aren’t. Well, very few in fact. There are, of course, times when the woman for example is playing the part of a scientist with a man as her assistant. Yet even here she is not in a position to make decisions. Decisions in fact are still made by her boss, who of course, is a man. In other less extreme conditions such as we can see here, the woman is playing the role of a housewife and mother while her mother goes out to work to earn the money. In other words, the man is seen to have more control over the situation and the woman who has to rely upon her husband for her livelihood.
A: So how far do you think this reflects real life?
Liz: That’s hard to say because generally, women do tend to do more housework in cooking the men. It is generally accepted that women are better able to care for children, but the problem is that we are told through the media that women are not as capable or as strong as men. That women are not disabled as men to make important decisions. This, of course, is totally untrue. Many women are at least as capable as men and making decisions more so in some cases.
A: Are women ever seen in the media to be superior to men?
Liz: Very rarely, in fact. And when they are seen to be better or faster or stronger than men, they are also seen to be a freak. You know, someone with superhuman powers, in other words, they are not seen to be an ordinary person like you or me.
A: What do you think that is?
Liz: It’s probably because if people know, it’s too ridiculous to be true then they are not going to believe it. This way it won’t harm men’s image.
A: So what’s the internet like?
Liz: In fact, I think the internet is probably the worst of all the media. I don’t know why exactly, but I think it’s probably because there is little or no control over the internet, instead the internet is seen as a type of no man's land if you like. That is to say, it’s not actually owned by one person or one company, therefore, people are free to put whatever information on the internet they want.
A: So what do you say that information on the internet should be censored?
Liz: I think there should be some control over the internet because some of the images are dangerous.
Liz: Yes, indeed, for adults I guess it’s not such a big problem because mature people are able to decide for themselves what to believe or what not to believe, but children are a different matter. They accept information that is presented to them without questioning that information or considering the consequences of believing it. In other words, children believe what they see or what they are told.
A: And how do other people feel about the information on the internet?
Liz: Actually, I carried out a survey to find out other people’s opinions. As you can see from this chart, the majority of people over the age of 28 were in favor of restricting the information. It is only people under the age of 20 who really thought that information shouldn’t be sense it. In fact, only about 8% said that information on the internet should be restricted in some way.
A: Well, thank you, Liz. That was a very interesting topic and I’m sure that any of you have any questions Liz would be more than happy to answer them.
That is the end of Section 4. You will have half a minute to check your answers.