Chuyên đề 4
1. Bài 1
Listen to the introduction about Tower Bridge and complete the summary. Use words or phrases from the box. There are more words in the box than you need. First, you have some time to read the questions. Now listen to the talk.
Tower Bridge is located in one of the most interesting parts of London. On either top of the Tower, you can get a bird's eye view of the wonderful scenery all round Tower Bridge. On its south side are many tall, old buildings, and on its north side stands the Tower of London itself. But Tower Bridge, the first bridge over the Thames, as you travel to London from the sea, is the most famous of them all.
Although they look the same age, the Tower is almost a thousand years old, and Tower Bridge, which was built in the 1890s, is just over one hundred. Because of the tall ships up and down the Thames, it was proposed in 1850 that a bridge across the Thames near the Tower was most necessary. However, the designers argued about the new bridge for about thirty years. They took so long because they had two big problems.
One is that the new bridge must look like the old Tower, and the other is that the bridge must not look like a modern bridge. They made it look like the old Tower, so everyone was happy. Besides, the most surprising thing about Tower Bridge is that it opens in the middle while big ships are going through to the Pool of London. If you are lucky enough to see the bridge with its two opening arms high in the air, you will never forget it.
The bridge took eight years to build and cost 900,000 pounds — a lot of money in those days. But it was a wonderful success and became a famous tourist attraction in London on the day when the bridge was completed.
A hundred years ago, the Thames was once London's busiest traffic route so that the bridge opened at least twelve times a day. Today, big ships don't go so far up the Thames. Tower Bridge opens perhaps only twice a week, but the same wonderful machinery is still in good condition. Green, yellow and red, the colourful wheels and engines look smart and new, not a hundred years old. They still lift the two heavy opening arms — each 1,000 tonnes — leaving seventy metres for the ships to go through. And they still can open and close the bridge in one and a half minutes.
Things are changing greatly now at Tower Bridge. The horses that used to help with pulling have gone, and so have the tugs, for they are no longer necessary. The walkways from one tower to the other at the top of the bridge were closed years ago because so many people jumped off them into the Thames, which is said to open again soon. In addition, the beautiful wheels will be part of a special exhibition for the public to visit. There will be a restaurant in one of the towers, and a pub in the other. But whatever happens in its exciting future, Tower Bridge will always mean London.
2. Bài 2
Listen to the following conversation and choose your answers from the box below. There are more words than spaces, so you will not use them all. First, you have some time to read the questions. Now listen to the conversation.
Anne: Well, come on then. Let's see what you've bought.
Anne: What is this? A camera?
David: Yes, I got it for my sister's boyfriend. They're always going off at the weekend bird-watching, and they were saying the other day that they needed a new one. It was incredibly expensive. It put me back thirty pounds fifty. Can you imagine?
Anne: Gosh, those cuff-links are nice. Are they real gold?
David: Good heavens, no! They're only metal and leather. I thought I'd give them to my father-in-law. He's the only one I know who actually wears cuff-links these days. I thought they were quite a bargain — only thirteen pounds sixty.
Anne: Um, yes. That cocktail shaker looks nice. It's not silver, is it?
David: No, I am afraid not. Just metal. I got it for my doctor.
Anne: Your doctor?
David: Yes. I always give her something. It's a tradition. It was quite cheap. Only ten quid.
Anne: What else have you got, then?
David: Well, I found this really nice scarf. You'd like it.
Anne: Oh, yes. How soft it is! It must be cashmere or something.
David: Eh, I think it's a mixture of wool and silk, actually. I'm going to give it to my mother-in-law. They're her sort of colours.
Anne: And what about this toolkit? I suppose that's for Tom, and that old banger he's got?
David: Well, no. I bought that for my mother, actually. She's always saying she wants one for the car and never gets round to buying one. I'm not surprised, the price it cost.
Anne: How much was it? I could do with one myself.
David: It was fifteen pounds, I think. Look, there's the label — fifteen pounds thirty.
David: And then I got this pair of pyjamas. Aren't they wonderful? They're silk, just like the ones in that TV ad. I got them for my brother. Do you think he'll like them?
Anne: Um, well, I bet they cost a fortune.
David: Um, yes. Forty pounds.
Anne: Well, he'd better like them, hadn't he? I think your budget isn't in the same bracket as mine.
3. Bài 3
You will hear a telephone conversation between two people discussing car rental. Look at questions 1-11 and fill in the summary with the missing words from the following box. First, you have some time to read the questions. Now listen to the conversation.
Salesman: Hello, Hertz cars.
Janet: Good afternoon. Is that Hertz Car Rental?
Salesman: It is. What can I do for you?
Janet: I'd like some information about renting cars in the States, please.
Salesman: Certainly, madam. What would you like to know?
Janet: Well, I just wanted to get some information — about how much it costs, and so on.
Salesman: Of course. Well, let me start by asking... are you going by yourself, or with someone else, or with other...?
Janet: Yes, I'm going with my husband, and we're going with friends, another married couple.
Salesman: Right. So that's four adults? No children or anything?
Janet: No. Just us.
Salesman: So, you'll be looking at the smaller car range I should think?
Janet: Yes, I suppose so.
Salesman: Well, the four smaller car categories are J and A, both sub-compact, then B, compact.
Salesman: Yes. Sub-compact is something like a Ford Escort, compact... erm... a Mercury... erm... a Mercury Lynx, for example, and C, mid-size, the size of a Ford Fairmont, that sort of size.
Janet: I see. We've got an Escort ourselves actually, so I know that one. But what's the difference between the others?
Salesman: Well, you could think about the seating, for example. Category C cars seat five adults, but you don't need that, do you? The other three — J, A and B - seat four adults. Then, there's luggage capacity to think about. Actually, there's not much difference there. They all hold about the same amount of luggage. Are you travelling with a lot of luggage?
Janet: No, just normal.
Salesman: Well, we don't need to worry about that, then. Now, another thing to think about is how many miles per gallon you can get out of the car. The first three do 29 miles to the gallon, but Category C only does 22 — so you'll be paying more for petrol if you rent that one.
Janet: I see.
Salesman: And, in fact, the full tank in Category C cars doesn't last so long — I mean, on a full tank with the first three categories, you can do 328 miles, but with Category C its only 308.
Janet: Oh, well, let's forget Category C, then. Could we just check that I've understood everything correctly so far? The others all hold four adults, have the same luggage space and do... let me see... 29 miles per gallon. And you can get 308 miles out of a full tank. Have I got that right?
Salesman: Em, yes — no, no, not 308, 328 miles on a full tank.
Janet: Oh right — 328 miles. Now, the important question — what about costs? What do they all cost?
Salesman: Well, Category J costs £89 per week, Category A £109, and Category B £119.
Janet: Right. Oh — what's the difference between J and A, by the way? You said before that they were both sub-compact.
Salesman: Yes. A, which is slightly more expensive, is automatic, whereas J is only manual.
Janet: I see. Right, I've got all that. Well, I must go and discuss it with the others, and then I'll get back to you. Thanks for your help. It's been very useful.
Salesman: Not at all. Glad to be of assistance. Goodbye.
4. Bài 4
Listen to a travel agent talking about interesting places to visit in Wales. Match the correct activities & beaches with each place. Some of the choices may be used more than once. First, you have some time to read the questions. Now listen to the talk.
The trouble with a long weekend in Wales is that a long weekend is too short. There just isn't enough weekend for what Wales has to offer. Take the Welsh coastline. Whichever way you like your sand, you'll find it in Wales.
For the active, there are surfing beaches all around the coast — at Marloes Sands, at Aberdaron and particularly at Rhossili Beach on the Gower Peninsula which offers some of the best surf in Europe.
Sailing, too, is widely available with yachting centres such as Tenby in the south, Aberdovey in mid Wales, and Abersoch on the Lleyn Peninsula in the north.
There are big, open beaches, and there are small, secluded bays and coves. The six miles of Pendine Sands, for instance, in Carmarthen Bay are so long and wide that they are frequently used for different kinds of racing events. While Llanddwyn Bay on a southern corner of Anglesey offers four miles of sand and dune and countless vantages for the spectacular view across the Bay to Snowdonia. Barafundle Bay in the Pembrokeshire National Park is as secluded as they come, and like Munt, a golden sandy beach trapped in a tiny sheltered cove at the southern end of Cardingan Bay, basks in tranquility.
And, of course, there are many old fishing villages, Llangrannog and Barmouth among them, whose charm has increased as the fleets of ships have declined. These days, you see, the fishing in Wales is much more for pleasure than profit. For sea fishermen, rivers like the Dee and the Usk provide some of the most available salmon fishing in the UK.
Is it any wonder that Wales lures fishermen in droves? And is it any wonder that there are hundreds of cosy lake and riverside inns to accommodate them? Wales is teeming with interesting places to stay and interesting things to do.
5. Bài 5
Listen to the conversation between Daniel, a Spanish student, and Kira from Greece. Kira is asking about medicine for a cold. And then, answer the following questions. First, you have some time to read the questions. Now listen to the conversation.
Kira: Hello, Daniel. How are you?
Daniel: Not so bad, thanks. What about you?
Kira: To tell the truth, I've got a terrible cold. Achio...!
Daniel: Sorry to hear that. Poor you! Maybe it's the change in the weather, or maybe you've been working too hard lately.
Kira: Well, it must be the weather. Achio...!
Daniel: Bless you! Have you taken any medicine?
Kira: No, I haven't. Can you recommend anything?
Daniel: Now, let me see. I got some tablets a couple of months ago when I had a cold.
Kira: Do you remember the name?
Daniel: Not exactly. But they were black and white capsules. Sort of cylindrical-shaped. And the label on the bottle had a name printed at the top in block letters and I think the bottle was square. I'm not exactly sure. The name might have been something like Vigilan or Vegilan.
Kira: How is it spelt?
Daniel: If I remember correctly, it's V-E-G-I-L-A-N.
Kira: Vegilan. I'll just make a note of that. Thanks!
Daniel: Not at all. And I hope you feel better soon.
Kira: Me, too.
Kira: By the way, Daniel. Where's the nearest chemist's?
Daniel: Oh, that's easy. From here you go directly south to the second main street, and then you turn left. Continue straight along past the church, and at the next intersection turn right. It's on the left, the second shop after the bank which is on the corner. You can't miss it.
Kira: I think I know it. It's just opposite the shoe shop, and there's a greengrocer's between it and the bank.
Daniel: You got it. Mind how you go!
Kira: Thanks. Well, I'm off now. Bye!
Daniel: Cheerio! See you soon.
6. Bài 6
The phone rings in Pierre's room. Hilary has just been informed that Pierre's flight will be delayed by two hours. So, Pierre decides to visit the shopping centre in Southtown. As you listen, mark the route Hilary describes on the map below, and indicate the beginning of the main shopping street. First, you have some time to read the questions. Now listen to the conversation.
Hilary: Hello? Hello.
Pierre: Pierre Farabolini speaking.
Hilary: Mr. Farabolini, this is Hilary Beacham from Compact.
Pierre: Oh, hello, Hilary.
Hilary: I've got some bad news for you. I've just checked with the airport, and I've heard that your plane will be delayed by two hours.
Pierre: I see. Well, what do you think?
Hilary: Well, first of all, your taxi is due to arrive in half an hour.
Pierre: Well, I really don't want to spend all that time waiting at the airport. Could you book it a bit later?
Hilary: Yes, certainly.
Pierre: So, I think I'll go into Southtown and do a bit of shopping... buy a few presents for the family... Where's the best place to go to look at the shops?
Hilary: It's quite difficult to explain. Let me think. It'd be much easier if you had a map.
Pierre: Just a moment, I've got one in my pocket. Right.
Hilary: OK. In that case, I'll explain how to get to the town centre from the hotel. It's about a 15-minute walk, or you could go by taxi.
Pierre: No. I'm quite happy to stretch my legs.
Hilary: Well, you turn right out of the hotel and carry straight on for about 200 metres. Then, you come to a roundabout. Take the first exit... I mean to go left.
Pierre: So, right out of the hotel. Then, I go straight on until I come to a roundabout, and then I take the first exit.
Hilary: Yes, that's right. Then, you walk along there for about another 150 metres, and then you come to another roundabout. There, you go right.
Pierre: So, I go to the next roundabout, and turn right.
Hilary: Yes. And then you carry on for another 100 metres and then you come to a third roundabout. There, you go straight over the roundabout, and then take the first left.
Pierre: Hang on a minute. Let me just check that I've got that. I go to the next roundabout, go straight over, and then take the first on my left?
Hilary: Yes, then at the next junction, turn right and then immediately left. And that's the beginning of the main shopping area.
Pierre: OK. Just let me go over that last bit. I carry on to the next junction, and turn left and then right?
Hilary: No, the other way round. At the junction, you turn right and then left.
Pierre: OK. I've got it. Thanks very much.
Hilary: Oh, don't mention it. I hope you find something for your family. Oh yes... I nearly forgot. I'll ask the taxi to collect you from the hotel at 5 o'clock.
Pierre: At 5. That's fine.
7. Bài 7
Mr John Tankel and his wife Rose Tankel, the owners of a private hotel, are waiting for a guest to check in. Study the example and questions 1-6. For each question, there are four pictures. Decide which of the pictures best corresponds to what you hear on the tape. Circle the letter under that picture. The first one has been done for you as an example. First, you have some time to read the questions. Now listen to the conversation.
J = John Tankel R = Rose Tankel E = Enquirer L = Mr. Leiber
R: Hello, Evergreen Hotel, can I help you?
E: Yes, good afternoon. I wonder if you have a single room with a private bathroom for tonight, please?
R: Let me just check… single room with private bathroom just for tonight. Yes, we have a vacancy. Would you like to rnake a booking?
E: No. I'll come around now if that's OK. What's the address, please?
R: 239 Smith Street.
E: I'll just write that down — 239 Smith Street. OK, I'll see you in about thirty minutes.
R: Goodbye. John, we've got a guest coming. We can put her in Number 8.
J: Dear me! It's getting dark earlier and earlier. What time is it, Rose?
J: Oh... that Mr. Leiber should be checking in soon, shouldn't he?
R: He said in his letter that his flight was due in at 3:10, and that he'd be coming straight here from the airport. By, the time he gets here, it'll probably be 5:30. There's a lot of traffic at this time of day. Wait a minute — there's someone coming in now.
J: Hello, good to see you. You must be Mr. Leiber. How was your flight?
L: Not too bad. Once I've had a shower and a shave, though, I'll be a different person.
R: Hello, Mr. Leiber. You got in earlier than expected. It's just gone half past four.
L: Yes, well, the traffic wasn’t too bad. My flight came in fifteen minutes earlier as well...
J: ...and that’s the TV lounge over there. Now, breakfast is at 8 and dinner at 6. Well, here’s the key to your room. I think you'll like it. Number 7’s on the first floor next door to the bar. It’s got a lovely view. It looks onto the lake and the park.
L: Oh, by the way, I’m expecting somebody over in about twenty minutes. As soon as I’ve unpacked, I'll come downstairs, so could you tell him that I'll be waiting in the TV lounge?
R: Yes, certainly.
L: He's an Australian —a very tall man with glasses - you can’t miss him.
J: I'll keep an eye open for him. Oh, by the way, will you be wanting an early morning alarm call?
Later that afternoon, after his meeting, Mr. Leiber asks Mrs. Tankel for street directions. As you listen, decide which picture best fits the information given.
R: Hello, Mr. Leiber, your visitor found you?
L: Yes, thanks. Listen, listen, I have to get into town. Which is the best way to get to the city centre from here?
R: It's not very far at all. There’s a taxi-rank in the square just at the end of the street here, or you could even walk. It’s about half an hour's walk if you're not feeling too jet-lagged! There's a train service from Martin Street Station, but it'd take you about fifteen minutes to get to the station from here. What part of the city do you want?
L: I need to get to the Australian consulate. Do you know where that is?
R: Let me have a look. Oh right. Your best bet in that case would be the bus. There's a stop on the opposite side of this road. Can you see it? Just past that red coach. You can get off at the Grey Hall. It’s... let me see... one, two, three, yeh, three stops down. Better ask the conductor to tell you when you're there just to be on the safe side. When you're at Grey Hall, just keep on walking to the end of the block, turn left into McDonnell Street and you'll see a big cinema on the right. The consulate’s just opposite. You can’t miss it.
L: Yeah, yeah. Opposite the cinema in McDonnell Street. That sounds easy enough. Thanks very much. See you at dinner. Five thirty, wasn’t it?