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Bên cạnh phân tích bài essay về British emigration to selected destinations IELTS Writing Task 1, IELTS TUTOR cũng cung cấp transcript IELTS Practice Test 4.

Đề 8

1. Section 1

A woman wants to find out about our telephone call. Listen to a conversation between the woman and the man and also the questions.

First, you have some time to look at questions 1 - 7. You will see that there is an example that has been done for you. On this occasion only, the conversation relating to this will be played twice.

MAN: Hello 'Paragliders' Paradise'. How can I help you?

MARIA: Oh hi. I'm interested in doing a course in paragliding.

MAN: Which course are you interested in?

MARIA: Well, I'm not sure. What's available?

MAN: Well ... we've got the introductory course which lasts for two days.


MAN: Or there's the 4-day beginners' course which is what most people do first. I'd tend to recommend that one. And there's also the elementary pilot course which takes five to six days depending on conditions.

MARIA: We might try the beginner's course.

The woman says they would like to try the beginners course, so the answer is B, the 4-day beginners course.

Now we shall begin. You should answer the questions as you listen because you will not hear the recording a second time. Listen carefully and answer questions 1 to 7.

MAN: Hello 'Paragliders' Paradise'. How can I help you?

MARIA: Oh hi. I'm interested in doing a course in paragliding.

MAN: Which course are you interested in?

MARIA: Well, I'm not sure. What's available?

MAN: Well ... we've got the introductory course which lasts for two days.


MAN: Or there's the 4-day beginners' course which is what most people do first. I'd tend to recommend that one. And there's also the elementary pilot course which takes five to six days depending on conditions.

MARIA: We might try the beginner's course. What sort of prices are we looking at?

MAN: The introductory is $190; the beginner's course, which is what you'd probably be looking at, is $320 - no, sorry 330 - it's just gone up - and the pilot course is $430.

MARIA: Right.

MAN: And you also have to become a member of our club so that you're insured. That'll cost you $12 a day. Everyone has to take out insurance, you see.

MARIA: Does that cover me if I break a leg?

MAN: No, I'm afraid not - it's only 3rd party and covers you against damage to other people or their belongings, but not theft or injury, You would need to take out your own personal accident insurance.

MARIA: I see! And what's the best way to get to your place? By public transport or could we come by bike? We're pretty keen cyclists.

MAN: It's difficult by public transport although there is a bus from Newcastle; most people get here by car, though, 'cos we're a little off the beaten track. But you could ride here OK. I'll send you a map. Just let me take down a few details. What's your name?

MARIA: Maria Gentle.

MAN: And your address, Maria?

MARIA: Well, I'm a student staying with a family in Newcastle.

MAN: So it's care of ...

MARIA: Care of Mr and Mrs. McDonald.

MAN: Like the hamburgers!

MARIA: Yes, exactly.

MAN: McDonald ...

MARIA: The post office box address is probably best. It's PO Box 676. Newcastle.

MAN: Is there a fax number there, because I could fax you the information?

MARIA: Yes, actually, there is. It's 0249 that's for Newcastle and then double seven five four three one.

MAN: OK. Now if you decide to do one of our courses, you'll need to book in advance and to pay when you book. How would you be paying?

MARIA: By credit card, if that's OK. Do you take Visa?

MAN: Yes, fine. We take all major cards, including Visa.

MARIA: OK then. Thanks very much.

The girl is telling her friend about the calls.

Look at the questions 8 - 10. Now listen to the conversation and answer questions 8 - 10.


PAULINE: Hi, Maria! What's that you're reading?

MARIA: Just some information from a paragliding school - it looks really good fun. Do you fancy a go at paragliding?

PAULINE: Sure! Do you have to buy lots of equipment and stuff?

MARIA: Not really. The school provides the equipment but we'd have to take a few things along.

PAULINE: Such as?

MARIA: Well it says here. Clothes: wear stout boots, so no sneakers or sandals I suppose, and clothes suitable for an active day in the hills, preferably a long-sleeved t-shirt. That's probably in case you land in the stinging nettles! It also says we should bring a packed lunch. We do not recommend soft drinks or flasks of coffee. Water is really the best thing to drink. We'd also need to bring suntan lotion and something to protect your head from the sun!

PAULINE: OK, that sounds reasonable. And where would we stay?

MARIA: Well look! They seem to operate a campsite too, because it says here that it's only $10 a day to pitch a tent. That'd be fine, wouldn't it? And that way we'd save quite a bit because even a cheap hotel would cost money.

PAULINE: Urn..or perhaps we could stay in a bed and breakfast nearby. It gives a couple of names here we could ring. I think I might prefer that. Hotels and youth hostels would all be miles away from the farm and I don't fancy a caravan.

MARIA: No, I agree. But let's take a tent and pray for good weather.

PAULINE: OK - let's do it. What about next weekend?

MARIA: No, I can't - I'm going on a geography field trip.

PAULINE: ....and then it's the weekend before the exams and I really need to study.

MARIA: OK, then. Let's make it the one after the exams.

PAULINE: Fine - we'll need a break by then. Can you ring and ...

That is the end of section 1. You now have half a minute to check your answers.

2. Section 2

Now turn to section 2 in page 45.

You will hear a hike leader giving information about an upcoming hiking trip.

First, you have some time to look at questions 11 to 15 on page 45. You hear the first part of the talk and answer questions 11 to 15.

Hike leader: Good evening, everyone. As you know, this is our last meeting before we set off on our annual week-long hiking trip, so tonight I’ll be telling you everything you’ll need to know to be ready for the trip.

Let’s talk about equipment first. Having the right equipment is essential for your comfort and safety. First, you’ll need a warm and comfortable sleeping bag. However, you won’t need to worry about carrying a tent since we’ll be sleeping in shelters along the way. Also, part of the fee you’ve paid for the trip goes toward food, so you won’t need to put that on your packing list either. We’ve found, though, that it’s more efficient for each person to bring his or her own dishes, so be sure to pack a plastic bowl, a cup, and a fork, knife, and spoon. That’s all you’ll need in the way of dishes.

Perhaps the most important item to put on your list is a comfortable pair of hiking boots. Nothing ruins a hike more than getting blisters and sores from ill-fitting boots. So make sure your boots fit you right. Shoes and sneakers aren’t adequate for the type of hiking we’ll be doing. Of course, a backpack is necessary for carrying your equipment. Make sure you have one that’s lightweight and comfortable to carry. Walking poles have become popular among hikers recently, but we don’t recommend them. They can get in the way when too many hikers are using them at once, and some serious injuries have been caused, so it’s best to leave those at home.

Let’s see…What else? Oh, yes. Some people have asked me about trail maps. They’re available, but you really don’t need them, as your hike leaders have scouted out the trail and will be guiding you along the way. And don’t forget to bring a warm jacket. You may think you won’t need one in this warm summer weather, but remember that evenings in the mountains can get quite cold. Is there anything else I need to tell you? Oh, yes, your guides will each be carrying a first- aid kit, so that’s one less thing for you to pack yourself. Remember, you’ll be carrying your backpack all day, so keep your load light and don’t over pack.

Before you hear the rest of the talk, you have some time to look at questions 16 to 20 on page 46. Now listen and answer questions 16 to 20.

I know you’re all experienced hikers, but it’s always worth repeating the rules of the trail since they’re so important. These rules are in place for the safety of everyone on the trip.

As you know, there’ll be a hike leader walking at the head of the line, who will show the group the way. At the end of the line will be the rear leader, or sweep. It’s important to always stay ahead of this person while we're on the trail. There are several different trails on the mountain where we’ll be hiking, and they cross each other at some points.

When you come to any intersection of trails, stop and wait for the rest of the group to catch up. This way we can be sure that no one goes off on the wrong trail. Let me emphasize here how important it is to stay on the trail. We’ll be climbing through some steep and rocky areas. Don’t be tempted to go off on your own and try to climb some rocks. That can be quite dangerous. Also, it’s not likely, but it is possible that we’ll encounter some large wild animals along the way.

The last thing you want to do is try to feed any of them. That will just encourage them to follow us, which could lead to some dangerous situations. One last thing: Before we set off hiking each morning, be sure to fill up your water bottle. This is perhaps the most important safety rule. Dehydration can be a serious problem when you’re out in the wilderness, so you must always be sure to carry an adequate supply of water with you.

I think that covers just about everything. Are there any questions?

That is the end of section 2. You now have half a minute to check your answers.

3. Section 3

In this section, you will hear a discussion between two students, Rosie and Mike, and a university tutor. In the first part of the discussion, they’re talking about a survey they have conducted on local entertainment. First, look at questions 21 to 26. Now listen to the first part of the discussion and answer questions 21 to 26.

Tutor: Good morning everyone. Well, I think we can start straight away by getting Rosie and Mike to do their presentation. Would you like to start, Rosie?

Rosie: Yes, well, er, we've done a survey on local entertainment. Basically, we tried to find out how students feel about the entertainment in the town and how much they use it.

Mike: Yes, so we've called our project 'Out and About'.

Tutor: Yes, that's a good title! 'Out and About'.

Rosie: We wanted to find out how well students use the entertainment facilities in town, whether they get to see the latest plays, films ... that kind of thing.

Tutor: Now, we have our own facilities on the campus of course ...

Rosie: Yes, we deliberately omitted those as we really wanted to examine outside entertainment in the town as opposed to on the university campus.

Mike: Actually, there were a lot of areas to choose from but in the end, we limited ourselves to looking at three general categories: cinema, theatre and music.

Tutor: Right.

Rosie: OK. Well, first of all, cinema. In the town, there are three main places where you can see films. There's the new multi-screen cinema Complex, the Old Park cinema, and a late-night Odeon.

Mike: So if you look at this chart, in terms of audience size, the multi-screen Complex accounts for 75% of all cinema seats, the Park cinema, accounts for 20% of seats and the late-night Odeon has just 5% of seats.

Rosie: As you probably know, the Complex and the Park show all the latest films, while the late-night cinema tends to show cult films. So, when we interviewed the students, we thought the Complex would be the most popular choice of cinema, but surprisingly it was the late-night Odeon.

Mike: Yeah, and most students said that if they wanted to see a new film, they waited for it to show at the Park because the Complex is more expensive and further out of town, they have to pay more to get there as well.

Tutor: Yes, and that adds to the cost, of course, and detracts from the popularity, evidently.

Rosie: Well, next, we looked at theatres. The results here were interesting because, as you know, there's a theatre on campus, which is popular. But there's also the Stage Theatre in town, which is very old and architecturally quite beautiful. And there's the large, modern theatre, the Ashtop, that has recently been built.

Tutor: So you just looked at the two theatres in town?

Mike: Yes. But the thing about the theatres is that there's a whole variety of seat prices. Also, the types of the performance vary, so students tend to buy seats at both and like using both for different reasons and if they want cheap seats at the Ashtop, they can just sit further from the front.

Rosie: What we did find that was very interesting is that there are periods during the year when students seem to go to the theatre and periods when they go to the cinema, and we really think that's to do with budget. If you look at this graph, you can see that there's a peak around November/December when they go to the theatre more, and then a period in April/May when neither is particularly popular, and then theatre viewing seems to trail off virtually while the cinema becomes quite popular in June/July.

Tutor: Mmm. I think you're probably right about your conclusions ...

In the second part of the discussion, Rosie and Mike talk about different music clubs. Look at questions 27 to 30 first. As you listen to the discussion, complete the chart about the different music clubs. Some answers have been done for you. Listen carefully and answer questions 27 to 30.

Mike: Well, lastly, we looked at music. And this time we were really investigating the sort of small music clubs that offer things like folk or specialise in local bands.

Tutor: So not musicals as such ...

Mike: That's right.

Rosie: We looked at three small music venues and we examined the quality of the entertainment and venue and gave a ranking for these: a cross meaning that the quality was poor, a tick meaning it was OK, and two ticks for excellent. First of all, The Blues Club, which obviously specialises in blues music. This was a pretty small place and the seating was minimal so we didn't give that a very good rating.

Mike: No! We don't recommend that one really.

Rosie: Then The Sansue which plays a lot of South American music was a big place, very lively, good performers so two ticks for that one.

The Pier Hotel is a folk venue - a good place for local and up-and-coming folk artists to play - not the best of venues as it's in a basement and a bit dark. But the quality of the entertainment was reasonable and the lighting was very warm so we felt it deserved an average rating.

Finally, there's the Baldrock Cafe which features big rock bands and is pretty popular with students and we enjoyed ourselves there as well, so top marks for that one.

Tutor: And then did you get any information from the students as to which of the clubs they preferred?

That is the end of Section 3. You now have half a minute to check your answers. Now turn to Section 4.

4. Section 4

You will hear a lecturer talking about dust storm. First, you have some time to look at questions 21 to 26. Now, listen carefully and answer questions 21 to 26.

In the last lecture, we looked at the adverse effects of desert dust on global climate. Today we're going to examine more closely what causes dust storms and what other effects they can have.

As you know, dust storms have always been a feature of desert climates, but what we want to focus on today is the extent to which human activity is causing them. And it is this trend that I want to look at because it has wide-ranging implications.

So, what are these human activities? Well, there are two main types that affect the wind erosion process, and thus the frequency of dust storms. There are activities that break up naturally wind-resistant surfaces, such as off-road vehicle use and construction, and there are those that remove protective vegetation cover from soils, for example, mainly farming and drainage. In many cases, the two effects occur simultaneously which adds to the problem.

Let's look at some real examples and see what I'm talking about. Perhaps the best-known example of agricultural impact on desert dust is the creation of the USA 'dust bowl' in the 1930s. The dramatic rise in the number of dust storms during the latter part of that decade was the result of farmers mismanaging their land. In fact, choking dust storms became so commonplace that the decade became known as the 'Dirty Thirties'.

Researchers observed a similar, but more prolonged, increase in dustiness in West Africa between the 1960s and the 1980s when the frequency of the storms rose to 80 a year and the dust was so thick that visibility was reduced to a thousand metres. This was a hazard to pilots and road users.

In places like Arizona, the most dangerous dust clouds are those generated by dry thunderstorms. Here, this type of storm is so common that the problem inspired officials to develop an alert system to warn people of oncoming thunderstorms. When this dust is deposited, it causes all sorts of problems for machine operators. It can penetrate the smallest nooks and crannies and play havoc with the way things operate because most of the dust is made up of quartz which is very hard.

Another example, the concentration of dust originating from the Sahara has risen steadily since the mid-1960s. This increase in wind erosion has coincided with a prolonged drought, which has gripped the Sahara's southern fringe. Drought is commonly associated with an increase in dust-raising activity but it's actually caused by low rainfall which results in vegetation dying off.

In the second part, the speaker talks about the drying-up of the Aral Sea. Look at questions 37 to 40, and complete the flow chart.

One of the foremost examples of modern human-induced environmental degradation is the drying-up of the Aral Sea in Central Asia. Its ecological demise dates from the 1950s when intensive irrigation began in the then Central Asian Republics of the USSR. This produced a dramatic decline in the volume of water entering the sea from its two major tributaries. In I960, the Aral Sea was the fourth-largest lake in the world, but since that time it has lost two-thirds of its volume, its surface area has halved and its water level has dropped by more than 216 metres. A knock-on effect of this ecological disaster has been the release of significant new sources of wind-blown material, as the water level has dropped.

And the problems don't stop there. The salinity of the lake has increased so that it is now virtually the same as seawater. This means that the material that is blown from the dry bed of the Aral Sea is highly saline. Scientists believe it is adversely affecting crops around the sea because salts are toxic to plants.

This shows that dust storms have numerous consequences beyond their effects on climate, both for the workings of environmental systems and for people living in drylands.

That is the end of Section 4. You now have half a minute to check your answers.

That is the end of the listening test. At the end of the real test, you’ll have 10 minutes to transfer your answers to the Listening Answer Sheet.

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